Signe Whitson, a child and adolescent therapist, has a timely message for parents and educators: "there is a real need to draw a distinction between behavior that is rude, behavior that is mean and behavior that is characteristic of bullying." In a HuffPost article, she clarifies the way she identifies the difference and asks adults to remember that distinguishing between them allows "teachers, school administrators, police, youth workers, parents and kids all know what to pay attention to and when to intervene."
Whitson’s article was prompted by an encounter with a parent, who told her, "Last week, my daughter was bullied really badly after school!" and then went on to describe what Whitson characterized as a benign encounter between playful children throwing leaves. She writes, "While I always want to be careful not to minimize anyone's experience... if kids and parents improperly classify rudeness and mean behavior as bullying -- whether to simply make conversation or to bring attention to their short-term discomfort -- we all run the risk of becoming so sick and tired of hearing the word that this actual life-and-death issue among young people loses its urgency as quickly as it rose to prominence."
So how does Whitson define the differences? Rude, she says, is "[i]nadvertently saying or doing something that hurts someone else." In children this takes the form of social errors like "burping in someone's face, jumping ahead in line, bragging about achieving the highest grade or even throwing a crushed up pile of leaves in someone's face." The critical factor? "Incidents of rudeness are usually spontaneous, unplanned inconsideration, based on thoughtlessness, poor manners or narcissism, but not meant to actually hurt someone."
Being mean involves "purposefully saying or doing something to hurt someone once (or maybe twice)." Unlike unthinking rudeness, "mean behavior very much aims to hurt or depreciate someone….Very often, mean behavior in kids is motivated by angry feelings and/or the misguided goal of propping themselves up in comparison to the person they are putting down." And while Whitson agrees that both rudeness and mean behavior require correction, they are "different from bullying in important ways that should be understood and differentiated when it comes to intervention."
Bullying is "intentionally aggressive behavior, repeated over time, that involves an imbalance of power….Kids who bully say or do something intentionally hurtful to others and they keep doing it, with no sense of regret or remorse -- even when targets of bullying show or express their hurt or tell the aggressors to stop." Whitson gives examples of multiple kinds of bullying, including physical and verbal aggression, relational aggression (like social exclusion, hazing, or rumor spreading), and cyberbullying. The key aspect to all of them is the ongoing nature of the behavior, which leaves the victims feeling powerless and fearful.
Whitson is pleased that, in the past few years, "Americans have collectively paid attention to the issue of bullying like never before; millions of school children have been given a voice, 49 states in the U.S. have passed anti-bullying legislation, and thousands of adults have been trained in important strategies to keep kids safe and dignified in schools and communities." As we continue to improve our response to bullying, she asks all adults who interact with children to remember that "a child's future may depend on a non-jaded adult's ability to discern between rudeness at the bus stop and life-altering bullying."
To read Signe Whitson's entire article on HuffPost, visit http://huff.to/1XIDuIT
Whitson is also the author of the bullying prevention book for parents and educators, "8 Keys to End Bullying: Strategies for Parents & Schools" at http://www.amightygirl.com/8-keys-to-end-bullying
For our top picks of bullying prevention books for kids, we feature our favorite titles for preschool and early elementary-aged children in our blog post, "The End of Bullying Begins With Me": Bullying Prevention Books for Young Children," at http://www.amightygirl.com/blog?p=10255
In the second post, we feature recommendations for tweens and tweens: "Taking a Stand Against Bullying: Bullying Prevention Books for Tweens and Teens" at http://www.amightygirl.com/blog?p=10257
In our final post, we share resources for parents and educators to help them better understand childhood bullying and learn how best to respond to it: "Leading the Way: Bullying Prevention Books for Parents and Educators," at http://www.amightygirl.com/blog?p=10259
We also recommend books to help teach your Mighty Girl how to be a good friend in our blog post: "Making and Keeping Friends: Mighty Girl Books About Friendship" at http://www.amightygirl.com/blog?p=10315